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Software Testing And Automation – A Comprehensive Guide

Discover the efficiency of Software Testing Automation: how it streamlines processes & enhances software quality. Learn more here!

Software Testing And Automation – A Comprehensive Guide

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Last updated on 4th Dec 2023 12.6K Views
Prashant Bisht Technical content writer experienced in writing tech-related blogs along with software technologies. Skilled in technical content writing, content writing, SEO content writing, WordPress, off-page SEO.

Discover the efficiency of Software Testing Automation: how it streamlines processes & enhances software quality. Learn more here!

Software Testing And Automation



  • What is Software Testing Automation?
  • Software Testing and Automation
  • Purpose of Automation Testing
  • Which Software Test Can Be Automated?
  • Software Testing Automation Frameworks
  • Learn Software Testing and Automation
  • Summary


What is Software Testing Automation?


Software Testing Automation is the automated review and validation of software products to ensure they meet quality standards. It replaces manual testing, saving time and increasing overall test coverage. This method is widely used in application development for functional and load/stress testing, reducing human errors and automating repetitive tasks.


Software Testing and Automation:


  1. Efficiency and Speed:

    • Software Testing: Involves manually executing test cases to identify bugs, errors, or issues in the software.
    • Automation: Utilizes tools and scripts to automate the execution of repetitive and time-consuming test cases, significantly speeding up the testing process.
  2. Repeated and Consistent:

    • Software Testing: Manual testing may lead to variations in test execution due to human factors, making it challenging to achieve consistent results.
    • Automation: Ensures repeatability and consistency by executing the same set of tests under the same conditions every time, minimizing human errors.
  3. Regression Testing:

    • Software Testing: After code changes, testers need to perform regression testing to ensure that existing functionalities are not affected.
    • Automation: Ideal for repetitive regression testing as automated scripts can quickly execute a large number of test cases, verifying that new changes don't break existing features.
  4. Complex Scenarios and Load Testing:

    • Software Testing: Manually handling complex scenarios or conducting load testing with a large number of users can be challenging.
    • Automation: Automation tools can efficiently simulate complex scenarios and handle load testing, providing accurate results and identifying potential performance issues.
  5. Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD):

    • Software Testing: In a CI/CD pipeline, manual testing may become a bottleneck, slowing down the deployment process.
    • Automation: Enables seamless integration into CI/CD pipelines, allowing for quick and reliable testing at every stage of development, and facilitating faster releases.
  6. Cost-Effectiveness:

    • Software Testing: Manual testing may require a significant amount of time and resources, leading to increased costs.
    • Automation: Reduces testing costs in the long run by speeding up the testing process, enabling quicker feedback, and allowing testers to focus on more complex scenarios.
  7. Parallel Testing:

    • Software Testing: Manually running tests in parallel can be cumbersome and prone to errors.
    • Automation: Easily conducts parallel testing by executing multiple test cases simultaneously, saving time and resources.


Purpose of Automation Testing:


  1. Increased Test Coverage: Automation testing allows organizations to achieve a broader scope of test coverage. By utilizing a test automation platform, test scripts can be designed to cover various scenarios and test cases, ensuring comprehensive validation of software functionality. This results in improved software reliability.
  2. Consistency and Reusability: Automation testing ensures consistent test execution by eliminating human error. Test scripts can be reused across multiple test cycles and software versions, saving time and promoting consistency in testing. This facilitates accurate result comparison over time.
  3. Early Detection of Defects: Automation testing enables the early detection of issues. By running automated tests at different stages, such as integration or regression testing, potential bugs can be identified and addressed promptly. Early defect detection contributes to cost reduction.


Know More About: Tosca Certification

What Software Tests Can Be Automated?

When deciding which tests to automate during the software testing cycle, it's crucial to understand that not all processes are suitable for automation. While test automation platforms can significantly support the testing team, certain tests require human supervision for better results. Automated testing is not a replacement for manual testing but serves as a valuable complement. To determine whether a test is suitable for automation, testers can consider the following criteria:

  1. High Repetition and Time-Consuming: Tests that are highly repetitive and consume a significant amount of time during manual execution are good candidates for automation.
  2. Predictable Testing Paths: Tests with predictable paths, verified through manual testing, are suitable for automation.
  3. High-Risk Conditions: Tests involving frequently used features that introduce high-risk conditions are ideal for automation.
  4. Multiple Datasets and Platforms: Tests requiring multiple datasets and running on various hardware or software platforms and configurations are well-suited for automation.
  5. Impossible for Manual Testing: Tests that involve scenarios not feasible for human manual testing, such as simulating thousands of concurrent users logging in simultaneously.

If a test meets these criteria, leveraging test automation platforms can enhance efficiency and effectiveness in the testing process.


You May Also Read: Different Types In Software Testing


Software Testing Automation Frameworks:


In the realm of test automation, frameworks are vital guides for testers and developers, offering standards in coding, repository management, and the handling of test data. These frameworks aim to cut maintenance costs, streamline testing efforts, and provide a solid return on investment for testing teams.

  1. Linear Automation Framework: Guides testers in creating functions without coding, following a sequential order of steps. Allows for automated test repetition.
  2. Modular-based Testing Framework: Divides the application into separate units or sections, testing them individually. Promotes an abstraction layer to prevent changes from affecting the overarching module.
  3. Data-driven Framework: Separates test data from script logic, allowing external storage. Ideal for testing with different datasets using sources like Excel Spreadsheets or CSV files.
  4. Keyword-driven Framework: Outlines functions and specific instructions in a table. Uses external storage for test data and keywords, requiring a shared object repository.
  5. Hybrid Testing Framework: A combination of various frameworks, leveraging strengths and mitigating weaknesses.

These frameworks collectively enhance testing practices, ensuring efficient and effective testing processes.


How to Learn Software Testing and Automation?


To learn Software Testing and Automation, you should specialization course at Croma Campus. This Specialization caters to novice and intermediate software developers aiming to enhance their expertise in implementing testing techniques and tools within their projects. The comprehensive curriculum for this specialization equips you with the skills to adeptly plan and execute effective testing for your software projects.


What you will learn?


  • Differentiating Verification and Validation: Clearly outline the distinctions between verification and validation, highlighting their key differences.
  • Automate Functional Testing: Create automated functional tests for both front-end and back-end code to ensure comprehensive test coverage.
  • Evaluate Fault-Finding Effectiveness: Assess the fault-finding effectiveness of a functional test suite through the application of mutation testing methodologies.
  • Ensure Program Correctness: Defend program correctness by leveraging formal methods, with a specific focus on proof obligations and model-checking.


Know More About: ISTQB Certification Cost

Final Thoughts:


In summary, Software Testing and Automation are indispensable components of the software development lifecycle, ensuring quality and efficiency. Automation, with its speed, repeatability, and cost-effectiveness, complements manual testing, offering advantages in regression testing, complex scenarios, and continuous integration. The purpose of automation lies in increased test coverage, consistency, and early defect detection. Careful test selection based on specific criteria is crucial for successful automation. Various testing frameworks guide effective practices, reducing maintenance costs and enhancing testing efforts. For in-depth learning, individuals can enroll in specialized courses at Croma Campus, a renowned IT training company, to gain expertise in verification, automated testing, fault-finding evaluation, and program correctness defense. 

Enhance your skills with Croma Campus for comprehensive Software Testing and Automation knowledge!

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